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Chronology of Newman’s Life

1801 21 February Born in Old Broad Street, London, the eldest of six children.
9 April Baptized in the Anglican Church of St. Benet Fink.
1808 1 May Starts school in Ealing.
1816 August-Dec. Newman’s first conversion.
14 December Enters Trinity College, Oxford, as a commoner.
1817 8 June Comes into residence at Trinity College
30 November First Communion in the Church of England
1818 18 May Elected scholar of Trinity College.
4 November Publishes together with his friend J. W. Bowden „St. Bartholomew’s Eve“.
1820 5 December B.A. degree.
1821 May Letter to the Editor of the „British Critic“: on the analogue difficulties in mathematics and religion.
1 November Newman’s father is declared bankrupt.
1822 11 January Newman decides to take Orders in the Church of England.
12 April Elected Fellow of Oriel College, Oxford.
1 July Whately gets Newman to assist him in preparing his articles on Logic for the Encyclopaedia Metropolitana
1824 31 May Finishes his articles on „Cicero“.
13 June Ordained a deacon in Christ Church, Oxford.
23 June First sermon in Over Worton.
3 July Interested in becoming a foreign missionary.
4 July Starts pastoral work in St Clement’s, Oxford.
29 September Father dies.
1825 26 March Becomes Vice-Principal of St. Alban’s Hall, Oxford, under R. Whately.
29 May Ordained priest of the Church of England in Christ Church,
Oxford.
15 August Starts hi article on „Miracles“.
9 September Starts his article on „Appolonius“.
1826 21 February Resigns as curate of St. Clement’s and Vice-Principal of St.
Alban’s in order to start as Tutor of Oriel College after Easter.
31 March R.H. Froude, R.I. Wilberforce elected Fellows of Oriel College.
May Opposition to Dr. Hampden.
1 May Decides to read the Fathers of the Church systematically.
2 July First University sermon.
1828 5 January Youngest sister, Mary, dies.
2 February Becomes Vicar of the University Church of St Mary the Virgin,
Oxford. Hawkins is elected Provost of Oriel College.
1829 First disagreements with Hawkins and Whately about the re-election of Peel in Parliament.
1830 Newman resigns his tutorship at Oriel College due to
differences with Hawkins concerning principles.
1831 Newman gives more time to his duties as Vicar of St Mary’s.
1832 Concludes his first book, The Arians of the Fourth Century.
December Travels to the Mediterranean with R.H. Froude and his
father, Archdeacon Froude.
1833 19 April Newman returns to Sicily by himself and nearly dies of fever.
16 June Writes „Lead Kindly Light“ on the boat from Palermo to
Marseilles.
9 July Returns to England.
14 July Keble preaches the Assize Sermon on „National Apostasy“ at
St. Mary’s, Oxford. This Newman always considered to be the
beginning of the Oxford Movement.
16 August First four Letters on the Church of the Fathers sent to the
British Magazine
9 September Newman publishes the first of the Tracts for the Times,
which spread the ideas of the Oxford Movement. Newman
wrote 29 Tracts in all between this time and February 1841.
21 October Began series of letters to the Record on „Church Reform“.
5 November Arians of the Fourth Century published.
11 November First of Records of the Church published.
1834 January „Home Thoughts Abroad“ published in the British Magazine.
March First volume of Parochial Sermons published. Five more
volumes published by the end of February 1842.
Began work on an edition of St. Dionysius of Alexandria –
never published.
December First letter to the Abbé Jager completed and translated.
1835 March Pamphlet on The Restoration of Suffragan Bishops.
July First part of the second letter to the Abbé Jager sent.
1836 13 February Pamphlet Elucidations of Dr. Hampden’s Theological Statements.
28 February Newman’s closest friend, R.H. Froude, dies of consumption.
February Newman begins to have a Church built in Littlemore.
March/April Second installment of „Home Thoughts Abroad“ in the British
Magazine.
27 April Marriage of his sister Jemima to J. Mozley.
17 May Newman’s mother dies.
27 September Marriage of his sister Harriett to T. Mozley.
16 May Begins lectures on Romanism in Adam de Brome Chapel in
July Article on „Apostolic Tradition“ published.
August Began planning an English edition of the Fathers with Pusey.
1837 11 March Via Media vol. I is published.
13 April – Lectures on justification in the Adam de Brome Chapel.
1 June
1838 February First two volumes of Froude’s Remains published.
Newman becomes editor of „British Critic“, a post which he holds until July 1841.
30 March Lectures on Justification published.
8 May – Series of lectures in the Adam de Brome Chapel on
7 August Scripture Proof of the Doctrines of the Church (published as
Tract 85).
1839 January Article on St. Ignatius in the British Critic.
April Article on „The State of Religious Parties“ (later published as
„Prospects of the Anglican Church“) in the British Critic.
July Begins course of patristic reading about the Monophysites.
August Completes his reading on the Monophysites and is unsettled
by what he read.
September Reads Wiseman’s article on the Donatists in the Dublin
Review and the words „securus iudicat orbis terrarum“ keep
ringing in his ears. The Via Media is pulverized.
1840 January Article on the Catholicity of the English Church as an answer
to Wiseman’s article on the Donatists.
1841 25 January Tract 90 published.
5-26 February Letters of „Catholicus“ (John Henry Newman) in the Times against Sir Robert Peel’s Tamworth Reading Room speech.
16 March Tract 90 is censured by the University of Oxford and causes a great deal of alarm. At the request of the Bishop of Oxford no further tracts are published and Newman resigned his place in the Oxford Movement.
April Beginning of correspondence with Dr. Russell of Maynooth
about the Roman Catholic Church.
Working on the translation of Athanasius for the Library of the
Fathers.
September Newman moves to Littlemore where he remains until February
1846.
13 November Protest about the Jerusalem Bishopric sent to the Bishop of
Oxford.
1842 26 January Letter to Robert Wilberforce about his doubts.
February First part of the translation of Athanasius published.
Essays on miracles No 2 as Preface to the translation of Fleury’s „Church History“.
1843 28 January Newman’s „Retractation of Anti-Catholic Statements“
published anonymously in the Conservative Journal under the
title, „Oxford and Rome“.
February Oxford University Sermons published.
Summer Newman’s doubt about the Church of England is greater than
his doubt about the Roman Church.
18 September Newman resigns St. Mary’s.
25 September Newman preaches his last Anglican sermon „The Parting of
Friends“ at Littlemore.
Publishes Sermons bearing on Subjects of the Day.
1844 Finishes the translation of the Select Treatises of St Athanasius in controversy with the Arians.
September Newman’s first friend in Oxford, John Bowden, dies.
1845 13 February Ward was condemned by the University because of his tendency towards Rome. Newman’s Tract 90 escaped condemnation.
Newman begins writing his Essay on the Development of Christian Doctrine.
3 October Newman resigns his Fellowship at Oriel College.
9 October Newman is received into the „one true fold of
Christ“, the Roman Catholic Church, by Dominic
Barberi in Littlemore.
1845 1 November confirmed by Dr. Wiseman in Oscott
1846 22 February he leaves Littlemore for Maryvale, Old Oscott, offered to him by Dr. Wiseman.
September Leaves England for Rome where he will prepare for the priesthood.
1847 January Decides to become an Oratorian.
30 May Ordination to the priesthood.
1848 1 February Foundation of the first Oratory in England, Maryvale. The novel „Loss and Gain“ published.
1849 2 February Opens the Oratory in Alcester Street, Birmingham.
June Foundation of the Oratory in London: Discourses to Mixed Congregations published.
1850 22 August Pope Pius IX confers the honorary degree of divinity to Newman.
Summer Lectures in London: Certain Difficulties felt by Anglicans in submitting to the Catholic Church.
October Wiseman announces the Restoration of the Hierarchy in England, which causes a strong reaction among Anglicans.
1851 Lectures in Birmingham: On the Present Position of Catholics in England. In the 5th lecture he denounces the ex-priest Achilli and as a consequence is sued for libel.
5 November The long Achilli trial starts.
12 November Newman is nominated the first Rector of the Catholic University of Ireland.
1852 January Difficulties in the London Oratory.
February The Oratorians in Birmingham move from Alcester Street to Edgbaston.
10 May Newman delivers his first university lecture in Dublin, later in the year published together with others as Discourses on the Nature and Scope of University Education.
13 July Newman preaches „The Second Spring“ for the first Synod since the Restoration of the Hierarchy in England.
1853 31 January The end of the Achilli Trial: Newman loses it and is fined £ 100.
22 November The Oratory Church in Birmingham opened.
1854 3 November The University in Dublin opened.
1855 Summer Newman publishes his second novel Callista.
Autumn The difficulties with the London Oratory result in a separation of both houses.
1856 1 May The University Church in Dublin, dedicated to the Apostles Peter and Paul, opened.
1857 March Newman informs the Irish Bishops that he wants to resign as Rector of the University on November 14th. They ask him to remain for another year as non-residing Rector.
July He publishes Sermons preached on Various Occasions.
August Wiseman informs Newman that he supervision of a new translation of the Bible is to be entrusted to him. However, the plan was not to be realized.
1859 21 March Newman takes over as editor of the „Rambler“ in order to prevent a censure by the Hierarchy. After the July issue with his article On consulting the faithful in matters of doctrine he is requested to resign.
2 May Foundation of the Oratory School.
1864 January Charles Kingsley states in an article that truth for its own sake had never been a virtue with the Catholic clergy and refers to Newman as having affirmed this. Newman starts a correspondence with Charles Kingsley.
April-June Newman’s answer to Kingsley: Apologia pro vita sua.
1865 May-June The Dream of Gerontius
1866 January A letter to Pusey on occasion of his recent Eirenicon published.
25 December Propaganda Fide gives permission to found an Oratory at Oxford; a post-scriptum however mentions that Newman should not take residence there. The Oxford plan is dropped.
1870 15 March An Essay in aid of a Grammar of Assent.
1871 Publication of Sermons preached before the University of Oxford and Essays Critical and Historical (Essays dating back to the Anglican period of Newman’s life).
1872 Publication of Discussions and Argument“ and Historical Sketches I, II, III.
1875 14 January Publication of A Letter to the Duke of Norfol“ in answer to Gladstone’s accusation that Catholics are not loyal subjects of the State.
24 May Death of Ambrose St John, Newman’s most faithful friend.
1877 Via Media I (3rd edition) with the important preface.
Honorary Fellow of Trinity College, Oxford.
1879 31 January Newman receives through Cardinal Manning and Bishop Ullathorne the news, that the Cardinalate is offered to him.
15 March The Cardinal Secretary of State sends Newman the official announcement of his elevation to the Cardinalate.
16 April Newman starts his journey to Rome.
27 April Newman has his first audience with Pope Leo XIII.
12 May Newman receives the „Biglietto“ of the Cardinal Secretary of State in which it is announced to him that that same morning, during a secret consistory, he had been elevated to the Cardinalate. Newman answers giving his „Biglietto Speech“.
13 May Newman goes to the Vatican in order to receive the cardinal’s biretta from Pope Leo XIII.
15 May During the public consistory Newman receives, together with the other newly nominated Cardinals, the red hat.
1 July Newman returns to Birmingham.
1880 May Newman visits Oxford and Trinity College again
Two sermons preached in the Church of St. Aloysius, Oxford, on Trinity Sunday, 1880, and printed for private circulation.
1881 February Select treatises of St Athanasius in controversy with the Arians (2nd ed.).
26 June Cardinal Newman preaches at the London Oratory
1882 Prologue to the Andria of Terence (lat.)
Notes of a visit to the Russian church, by William Palmer, selected and arranged by Cardinal Newman.
1883 Via Media II (3rd edition).
1884 February What is a Catholic obliged to believe concerning the inspiration of the canonical Scripture? Being a pro-script to an Article in the „Nineteenth Century Review“, in answer to Professor Healy (Stray Essays).
1885 October The development of religious error: „Contemporary Review“.
1886 Newman’s health begins to fail.
1889 25 December Newman celebrates Holy Mass for the last time.
According to Father Neville, when Newman found himself unable to celebrate Mass any more, he learnt by heart a Mass of the Blessed Virgin and a Mass of the Dead. One or other of these Masses he repeated daily, whole or part, and with the due ceremonies, for the chance that he hoped for, since his sight and strength varied, that with the brighter sunlight of the spring he might some day find himself in condition to say Mass once again. He was determined, he said, that no want of readiness on his part should cause him to miss the opportunity should it occur. He continued this preparation until within two or three days of his death.
1890 10 August He receives the last sacraments.
11 August Death of Newman.
19 August Newman is buried in Rednal near Birmingham, in the Oratorian graveyard.
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